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Racing Testing Comparable to Others

Racing testing compares to other sports testing.

Press Release
August 6, 2014

Generic Racing Photo

According to authorities, 99.65 percent of racing samples return without a violation.

The results of anti-doping drugs tests conducted in 2013 by state racing commissions, the United States Anti-Doping Agency, and the World Anti-Doping Agency are “virtually identical” according to an analysis of all pertinent testing results.

“The numbers don’t lie,” said Racing Commissioners International President Ed Martin, noting that U.S. racing commissions sent 340,932[1] biological samples to a network of professional drug testing laboratories in 2013.

99.65% of those samples were found to have no violation.

By comparison, the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) performed 9,197 doping control tests in 2013.[2] Of the samples tested, approximately 99.55% were determined to have no violation.[3]

In 2013, testing authorities reporting to the World Anti-Doping Association (WADA) performed 207,513 drug tests. Of that testing, 98.97% were found to have no adverse analytical finding.[4]

“The anti-doping testing effort of U.S. racing regulators is 60% larger than the entire world wide effort of WADA. Our program is thirty-seven times larger than the one operated by USADA,” Martin said.

“Drug testing oversight in racing is performed by government agencies not beholden to anyone but the public. We all have the same challenge and we are all combating it the same way and our results are similar,” he noted. “All sports have a challenge with those who would deliberately rely on doping to affect performance. We must continue to be vigilant in detecting and developing tests for substances that emerge.”

In 2013, racing commissions cited a total of 1,140 medication rule violations. Of that number, 1.2% (14) were for the most egregious Class 1 doping substances; 5.9% (68) for Class 2 doping substances.

The overwhelming majority of violations - 60.3% (687) - were for overages of Class 4 and 5 substances considered therapeutic overages and not doping. 32.5% (371) of the violations were for Class 3 substances.

The following chart is a state by state breakdown of the results of racing commission drug testing conducted during 2013:
 

Jurisdiction

Drug Tests

Violations

Adverse Analytical Finding Rate (%)

Clear Rate (%)

Alabama

1,576

1

0.063

99.94

Arkansas (Failed to Report)

Arizona

5,518

28

0.507

99.49

California*

26,005

89

0.342

99.66

Colorado

1,176

3

0.255

99.74

Delaware Harness

4,504

3

0.067

99.93

Delaware Thoroughbred

1,889

8

0.424

99.58

Florida*

68,317

251

0.367

99.63

Iowa

9,825

24

0.244

99.76

Idaho

363

5

1.377

98.62

Illinois

13,817

30

0.217

99.78

Indiana

8,792

5

0.057

99.94

Kentucky

7,588

56

0.738

99.26

Louisiana

12,806

74

0.578

99.42

Massachusetts

4,805

23

0.479

99.52

Maryland

8,898

1

0.011

99.99

Michigan

1,936

20

1.033

98.97

Minnesota

4,523

18

0.398

99.60

Montana

61

3

4.918

95.08

North Dakota

106

0

0.000

100.00

Nebraska

970

3

0.309

99.69

New Jersey

9,611

22

0.229

99.77

New Mexico

3,061

51

1.666

98.33

Nevada

182

1

0.549

99.45

New York

53,136

67

0.126

99.87

Ohio

14,311

75

0.524

99.48

Oklahoma

8,308

42

0.506

99.49

Oregon

1,211

9

0.743

99.26

Pennsylvania

32,678

52

0.159

99.84

South Dakota

132

0

0.000

100.00

Texas

11,010

68

0.618

99.38

Virginia

1555

26

1.672

98.33

Washington

1,179

8

0.679

99.32

West Virginia

20,923

73

0.349

99.65

Wyoming

160

1

0.625

99.38

All Jurisdictions

340,932

1,140

0.334

99.67

* Fiscal Year 2012-2013

 Comparison of Testing Results

U.S. Racing

USADA

WADA Worldwide

Number of Tests

340,932

9,197

207,513

Adverse Analytical Findings (Violations)

1,140

27 sanctioned + 8 referred + 7 pending

2,135

Clear Rate

99.67%

99.55%

98.97%


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