Must-Haves for Your Equine First-Aid Kit

Make sure you know the best plan of action to help minimize your horse's risk in times of emergency.

By Jeff Hall, DVM, senior equine technical services veterinarian, Zoetis

Having a first-aid kit on hand is crucial to help ensure the safety of your horse. Zoetis Photo.

It’s the perfect day for a ride. But while unloading your horse, he quickly steps back, lifting his head high to catch on the bare metal of your horse trailer. The gash is deep. What are your next steps?

Make sure you know the best plan of action to help minimize your horse’s risk in times of emergency.

Injuries such as cuts and bruises are common with a horse’s natural curiosity and flight-or-fight response. Other types of emergencies can include colic, choke, lameness and illness. Considering such potential threats posed to your horse, your knowledge of, and access to, a first-aid kit will be crucial to help ensure his overall safety when away from immediate veterinary service.

I recommend keeping a first-aid kit in not only your barn but also your horse trailer, should you ever need quick access to supplies when traveling with your horse. Listed below are key materials to keep stocked in your kit:

  • Thermometer
  • One roll of cotton, gauze pads, brown gauze, Tefla™ nonstick pad
  • Adhesive wrap
  • Diaper
  • Leg wraps
  • White tape
  • Duct tape
  • Latex gloves
  • Eye saline solution
  • Scissors
  • Triple antibiotic ointment
  • Stethoscope
  • Hoof pick
  • Cold pack
  • Antimicrobial skin and wound cleanser
  • Small flashlight with spare batteries
  • Sharp knife
  • Tweezers and hemostat
  • DORMOSEDAN GEL® (detomidine hydrochloride)

If your horse becomes injured and fractious, or simply won’t cooperate, administering DORMOSEDAN GEL, a mild sedative available with a prescription from your veterinarian, can help restore safety and prevent further injury. It’s an easy-to-use option for needle-shy horses and horse owners who are uncomfortable giving an injection.

DORMOSEDAN GEL is administered by horse owners from a single-dose syringe underneath the horse’s tongue. Having tubes of the mild sedative on hand allows stressful or emergency situations — such as treating an injury, bandage changes, hoof trimming or shoeing, and minor nonpainful procedures — to be less strenuous for the horse and horse owner. DORMOSEDAN GEL is a valued addition to equine first-aid kits.

I encourage you to work with the veterinarian on your team for additional guidance on emergency care and first aid. For more information and resources, please visit

If administered pursuant to AQHA rules, Dormosedan Gel (detomidine hydrochloride) is a conditionally permitted therapeutic medication. If you plan to compete with your horse after administering Dormosedan Gel, please first refer to the conditions set forth in AQHA Rule VIO403 (page 43 of the Official AQHA Handbook of Rules and Regulations) to ensure proper compliance with AQHA rules concerning conditionally permitted therapeutic medications.


Do not use DORMOSEDAN GEL in horses with pre-existing atrioventricular (AV) or sinoatrial (SA) block, with severe coronary insufficiency, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, or chronic renal failure. Do not use in anesthetized or sedated horses, or in conditions of shock, severe debilitation or stress due to extreme heat, cold, fatigue or high altitude. Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. Handle gel-dosing syringes with caution to avoid direct exposure to skin, eyes or mouth. See full Prescribing Information.

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