Training

Reconditioning After a Winter Break

Get your horse back in shape after the winter off.

As the winter fades away, it is time to get your horse back in the arena and back in shape. Journal photo

If you live in a state that has cold winters, chances are that even if you have an indoor arena you are taking a break on those dreaded frigid dead-of-winter weeks or months.  But when things begin to thaw and your horse begins to shed like crazy, it’s time to get back to it! If your horse has had more than three weeks off, he will need to be worked back into a routine strategically in order to help reduce the risk of over-stressing or injuring him in the process.

As eager as you are to get back to jumping, reining or piaff-ing, it’s best to start slow.  Think of how you feel the first day back to the gym after a long break.  Now picture yourself about 10x the size that you are now, in the gym, out of shape.  It’s exhausting just thinking about it! Your horse might have built up energy and seem to be ready to get right to it, but it’s best to work him up slowly to help avoid an injury that could set you back even further.

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Plan on a six to eight week conditioning schedule depending on how much time your horse has had off.  Start with low impact hacking for about 15 minutes, working only at the walk.  You could also utilize a hot walker if you have one available or hand-walk if you would like.  Unless your horse is very obedient on the lunge line, it’s not a recommended way to get him into shape just in case he is extra excitable.  Bolting away and galloping in a small circle on the lunge could result in injury to him or even you.   

5-7 days after you begin your walking routine add in 5 minutes of trot work each day.  After two weeks of solid walk-trot work you can gradually introduce the canter, again working up slowly from 5 minutes just as you did the trot.  After thirty days of flat work you can begin to add more strenuous activity to your conditioning program like jumping or speed work (barrels) but work up slowly.  Figure in another month to get your horse back to where he was before he took the break.  Begin with jumping a single, low fence both directions for the first week, then add in a line and work your way back to a full course.  Once you are jumping a course at a smaller height, gradually increase the size of your fences and the complexity of the course.

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If you are worried that you or your horse might get bored working on the flat, remember that flatwork is the foundation for your riding no matter what discipline you ride.  It’s a good time for you to work on yourself as well, starting you out on the right foot (or hoof) for the season.  Work on your position or ride with no stirrups.  When your horse is feeling more fit, do some lateral work and get him really listening to your aids so he’s sharp when the time comes to compete. 

As far as feed is concerned as you are reconditioning it will depend on what your horse’s body condition score is coming out of his break.  If he is on the thin side, you will want to increase his feeding rate as you work him harder or include a fat supplement.  Make sure to always provide fresh, clean water and free choice hay.  If he is on the heavier side of the scale, keep his feeding rate the same but keep an eye on that body condition score as you may need to adjust your feeding rate as he gets back into shape and is working harder.