Racing Testing Comparable to Others

Racing testing compares to other sports testing.

Press Release

According to authorities, 99.65 percent of racing samples return without a violation.

The results of anti-doping drugs tests conducted in 2013 by state racing commissions, the United States Anti-Doping Agency, and the World Anti-Doping Agency are “virtually identical” according to an analysis of all pertinent testing results.

“The numbers don’t lie,” said Racing Commissioners International President Ed Martin, noting that U.S. racing commissions sent 340,932[1] biological samples to a network of professional drug testing laboratories in 2013.

99.65% of those samples were found to have no violation.

By comparison, the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) performed 9,197 doping control tests in 2013.[2] Of the samples tested, approximately 99.55% were determined to have no violation.[3]

In 2013, testing authorities reporting to the World Anti-Doping Association (WADA) performed 207,513 drug tests. Of that testing, 98.97% were found to have no adverse analytical finding.[4]

“The anti-doping testing effort of U.S. racing regulators is 60% larger than the entire world wide effort of WADA. Our program is thirty-seven times larger than the one operated by USADA,” Martin said.

“Drug testing oversight in racing is performed by government agencies not beholden to anyone but the public. We all have the same challenge and we are all combating it the same way and our results are similar,” he noted. “All sports have a challenge with those who would deliberately rely on doping to affect performance. We must continue to be vigilant in detecting and developing tests for substances that emerge.”

In 2013, racing commissions cited a total of 1,140 medication rule violations. Of that number, 1.2% (14) were for the most egregious Class 1 doping substances; 5.9% (68) for Class 2 doping substances.

The overwhelming majority of violations - 60.3% (687) - were for overages of Class 4 and 5 substances considered therapeutic overages and not doping. 32.5% (371) of the violations were for Class 3 substances.

The following chart is a state by state breakdown of the results of racing commission drug testing conducted during 2013:
 

 

Jurisdiction

 

Drug Tests

 

Violations

 

Adverse Analytical Finding Rate (%)

 

Clear Rate (%)

 

Alabama

 

1,576

 

1

 

0.063

 

99.94

 

Arkansas (Failed to Report)

     

Arizona

 

5,518

 

28

 

0.507

 

99.49

 

California*

 

26,005

 

89

 

0.342

 

99.66

 

Colorado

 

1,176

 

3

 

0.255

 

99.74

 

Delaware Harness

 

4,504

 

3

 

0.067

 

99.93

 

Delaware Thoroughbred

 

1,889

 

8

 

0.424

 

99.58

 

Florida*

 

68,317

 

251

 

0.367

 

99.63

 

Iowa

 

9,825

 

24

 

0.244

 

99.76

 

Idaho

 

363

 

5

 

1.377

 

98.62

 

Illinois

 

13,817

 

30

 

0.217

 

99.78

 

Indiana

 

8,792

 

5

 

0.057

 

99.94

 

Kentucky

 

7,588

 

56

 

0.738

 

99.26

 

Louisiana

 

12,806

 

74

 

0.578

 

99.42

 

Massachusetts

 

4,805

 

23

 

0.479

 

99.52

 

Maryland

 

8,898

 

1

 

0.011

 

99.99

 

Michigan

 

1,936

 

20

 

1.033

 

98.97

 

Minnesota

 

4,523

 

18

 

0.398

 

99.60

 

Montana

 

61

 

3

 

4.918

 

95.08

 

North Dakota

 

106

 

0

 

0.000

 

100.00

 

Nebraska

 

970

 

3

 

0.309

 

99.69

 

New Jersey

 

9,611

 

22

 

0.229

 

99.77

 

New Mexico

 

3,061

 

51

 

1.666

 

98.33

 

Nevada

 

182

 

1

 

0.549

 

99.45

 

New York

 

53,136

 

67

 

0.126

 

99.87

 

Ohio

 

14,311

 

75

 

0.524

 

99.48

 

Oklahoma

 

8,308

 

42

 

0.506

 

99.49

 

Oregon

 

1,211

 

9

 

0.743

 

99.26

 

Pennsylvania

 

32,678

 

52

 

0.159

 

99.84

 

South Dakota

 

132

 

0

 

0.000

 

100.00

 

Texas

 

11,010

 

68

 

0.618

 

99.38

 

Virginia

 

1555

 

26

 

1.672

 

98.33

 

Washington

 

1,179

 

8

 

0.679

 

99.32

 

West Virginia

 

20,923

 

73

 

0.349

 

99.65

 

Wyoming

 

160

 

1

 

0.625

 

99.38

 

All Jurisdictions

 

340,932

 

1,140

 

0.334

 

99.67

      

* Fiscal Year 2012-2013

 

 Comparison of Testing Results

 

U.S. Racing

USADA

WADA Worldwide

Number of Tests

340,932

9,197

207,513

Adverse Analytical Findings (Violations)

1,140

27 sanctioned + 8 referred + 7 pending

2,135

Clear Rate

99.67%

99.55%

98.97%

 

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